# Statistics for Psychology (6e)

Arthur Aron, State University of New York at Stony Brook
Elaine N. Aron, State University of New York at Stony Brook
Elliot Coups, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center
Title Statistics for Psychology
Edition 6
ISBN 9780205258154
ISBN 10 0205258158
Published 03/07/2012
Pages 744
Format Cloth
Out of stock

Total Price \$144.99 Add to Cart
##### Description

Emphasizing meaning and concepts, not just symbols and numbers

Statistics for Psychology, 6th edition places definitional formulas center stage to emphasize the logic behind statistics and discourage rote memorization. Each procedure is explained in a direct, concise language and both verbally and numerically.

MyStatLab is an integral part of the Statistics course. MyStatLab gives students practice with hundreds of homework problems. Every problem includes tools to help students understand and solve each problem - and grades all of the problems for instructors. MyStatLab also includes tests, quizzes, eText, a Gradebook, a customizable study plan, and much more.

Learning Goals

Upon completing this book, readers should be able to:

• Know both definitional and numerical formulas and how to apply them
• Understand the logic behind each formula
• Expose students to the latest thinking in statistical theory and application
• Prepare students to read research articles
• Learn how to use SPSS

In this Section:

Chapter 1   Displaying the order in a group of numbers

Chapter 2   Central tendency and variability

Chapter 3   Some key ingredients for inferential statistics: Z scores, the normal curve, sample versus

population, and probability

Chapter 4   Introduction to hypothesis testing

Chapter 5   Hypothesis testing with means of samples

Chapter 6   Making sense of statistical significance: Effect size and statistical power

Chapter 7   Introduction to the t test: Single sample and dependent means

Chapter 8   The t test for independent means

Chapter 9   Introduction to the analysis of variance

Chapter 10 Factorial analysis of variance

Chapter 11 Correlation

Chapter 12 Prediction

Chapter 13 Chi-square tests

Chapter 14 Strategies when population distributions are not normal: Data transformations and rank-order

tests

Chapter 15 Integration and the general linear model and Making sense of advanced statistical procedures in

research articles

Chapter 1: Displaying the order in a group of numbers

The Two Branches of Statistical Methods

Some Basic Concepts

Frequency Tables

Histograms

Shapes of Frequency Distributions

Frequency Tables and Histograms in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 2: Central tendency and variability

Central Tendency

Variability

Controversy: The Tyranny of the Mean

Central Tendency and Variability in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 3: Some key ingredients for inferential statistics: Z scores, the normal  curve, sample versus

population, and probability

Z Scores

The Normal Curve

Sample and Population

Probability

Controversies: Is the Normal Curve Really So Normal? And Using Nonrandom Samples

Z Scores, Normal Curves, Samples and Populations, and Probabilities in Research Articles

Advanced Topics: Probability Rules and Conditional Probabilities

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 4: Introduction to hypothesis testing

A Hypothesis-Testing Example

The Core Logic of Hypothesis Testing

The Hypothesis-Testing Process

One-Tailed and Two-Tailed Hypothesis Tests

Controversy: Should Significance Tests Be Banned?

Hypothesis Tests in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 5: Hypothesis testing with means of samples

The Distribution of Means

Hypothesis Testing with a Distribution of Means: The Z Test

Controversy: Marginal Significance

Hypothesis Tests About Means of Samples (Z Tests) and Standards Errors in Research Articles

Advanced Topic: Estimation, Standard Errors, and Confidence Intervals

Advanced Topic Controversy: Confidence Intervals versus Significance Tests

Advance Topic: Confidence Intervals in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 6: Making sense of statistical significance: Effect size and statistical power

Decision Errors

Effect Size

Statistical Power

What Determines the Power of Study

The Role of Power Interpreting the Results of a Study

Controversy: Statistical Significance versus Effect Size

Decision Errors, Effect Size, and Power in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 7: Introduction to the t test: Single sample and dependent means

The t Test for a Single Sample

The t Test for Dependent Means

Assumptions of the t Test for a Single Sample and the t Test for Dependent Means

Single Sample t Tests and Dependent Means t Tests in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 8: The t test for independent means

The Distribution of Differences Between Means

Hypothesis Testing with a t Test for Independent Means

Assumptions of the t Test for Independent Means

Effect Size and Power for the t Test for Independent Means

Review and Comparison of the Three Kinds of t Tests

The t Test for Independent Means in Research Articles

Advanced Topic: Power for the t Test for Independent Means When Sample Sizes Are Not Equal

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 9: Introduction to the analysis of variance

Basic Logic of the Analysis of Variance

Carrying Out an Analysis of Variance

Hypothesis Testing with the Analysis of Variance

Assumptions in the Analysis of Variance

Planned Contrasts

Post Hoc Comparisons

Effect Size and Power for the Analysis of Variance

Controversy: Omnibus Tests versus Planned Contrasts

Analyses of Variance in Research Articles

Advanced Topic: The Structural Model in the Analysis of Variance

Principles of the Structural Model

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 10: Factorial analysis of variance

Basic Logic of Factorial Designs and Interaction Effects

Recognizing and Interpreting Interaction Effect

Basic Logic of the Two-Way Analysis of Variance

Assumptions in the Factorial Analysis of Variance

Extensions and Special Cases of the Analysis of Variance

Controversy: Dichotomizing Numeric Variables

Factorial Analysis of Variance in Research Articles

Advanced Topic: Figuring a Two-Way Analysis of Variance

Advanced Topic: Power and Effect Size in the Factorial Analysis of Variance

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 11: Correlation

Graphing Correlations: The Scatter Diagram

Patterns in Correlation

The Correlation Coefficient

Significance of a Correlation Coefficient

Correlation and Causality

Issues in Interpreting the Correlation Coefficient

Effect Size and Power for the Correlation Coefficient

Controversy: What is a Large Correlation?

Correlation in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 12: Prediction

Predictor (X) and Criterion (Y) Variables

The Linear Prediction Rule

The Regression Line

Finding the Best Linear Prediction Rule

The Least Squared Error Principle

Issues in Prediction

Multiple Regression

Limitations of Prediction

Controversy: Unstandardized and Standardized Regression Coefficients; Comparing Predictors

Prediction in Research Articles

Advanced Topic: Error and Proportionate Reduction in Error

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 13: Chi-square tests

The Chi-Square Statistic and the Chi-Square Test for Goodness of Fit

The Chi-Square Test for Independence

Assumptions for Chi-Square Tests

Effect Size and Power for Chi-Tests for Independence

Controversy: The Minimum Expected Frequency

Chi-Square Tests in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 14: Strategies when population distributions are not normal: Data transformations and

rank-order tests

Assumptions in the Standard Hypothesis-Testing Procedures

Data Transformations

Rank-Order Tests

Comparison of Methods

Controversy: Computer-Intensive Methods

Data Transformations and Rank-Order Tests in Research Articles

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

Chapter 15: Integration and the general linear model and Making sense of advanced statistical

procedures in research articles

The General Linear

Partial Correlation

Reliability

Multilevel Modeling

Factor Analysis

Casual Modeling

Procedures That Compare Groups

Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA)

Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) and Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA)

Overview of Statistical Techniques

Controversy: Should Statistics Be Controversial?

How to Read Results Using Unfamiliar Statistical Techniques

Summary

Key Terms

Example Worked-Out Problems

Practice Problems

Using SPSS

Chapter Note

##### New to this edition
• The correlation chapter has been reworked to better help students understand the logic of correlation coefficients by using the more intuitive formula for calculating correlation coefficients based on Z scores.
• Updates in content, examples, boxes, and controversies provide fresh learning material and reflect recent research, and the Using SPSS sections are updated to reflect SPSS Version 19.
• To strengthen the instructor’s resource materials, lecture outlines and teaching examples have been placed into PowerPoint slides to allow quick and convenient downloadable lectures.
• Instructor Features  include: powerful homework and test manager, comprehensice gradebook tracking, complete online course content, the ability to copy or share courses and mange groups, and custom exercise builder.
• Student Features include: interactive tutorial exercises, eBook and multuimedia learning ids, a Study Plan for self-paced learning, and Stat Crunch.
• MyStatLab is an integral part of the Statistics course. MyStatLab gives students practice with hundreds of homework problems. Every problem includes tools to help students understand and solve each problem - and grades all of the problems for instructors. MyStatLab also includes tests, quizzes, eText, a Gradebook, a customizable study plan, and much more.

##### Features & benefits
• Provides a concise summary of definitional formulas mathematically, verbally, and visually so students can understand the logic behind the procedure. The authors emphasizes on accessibility for all readers. (ex. pg. 36)
• Gives examples of how a statistical method is reported in current journal articles (ex. pg. 350)
• Engages in the most current statistical theory and application
• “How are you Doing” exercises for students serves as a checkpoint for each chapter (ex. pg. 89)
• SPSS screen shots are included within the text to further facilitate learning. Examples in the text show students how to compute SPSS procedures and include a worked out example with screen shots. (ex. pg. 31 - 33)
• Datasets available at: www.pearsonhighered.com/aron
• NEW! Can be bundled with MyStatLab  - provides instructors with a rich and flexible set of course materials and tools, and it offers students a personalized interactive learning environment, where they can learn at their own pace and measure their progress.