Each chapter concludes with "Chapter Summary," "Key Concepts" and "Suggested Readings."
PART I. WHAT IS ARCHAEOLOGY?
1. The Science of Archaeology.
What Is Archaeology?
Branches of Archaeology.
Key Concepts in Archaeology.
Archaeology as Science.
The Importance of Archaeology.
2. Backgrounds of Archaeology.
The Discovery of a Prehistory.
The Classical Civilizations.
The Emergence of Professional Archaeology.
Developing the Outline of World Prehistory.
Political Influences in the History of Archaeology.
3. The Development of Contemporary Archaeology.
Archaeology after World War II.
The Rise of Scientific Archaeology.
Expanding Theoretical Horizon
Careers in Archaeology.
PART II. OBTAINING INFORMATION ABOUT THE PAST.
4. The Archaeological Record.
Site Formation and Transformation.
Recognizing and Recovering Evidence.
Ongoing Impacts on the Archaeological Record.
5. Conducting Fieldwork.
Conducting Archaeological Surveys
Practical Aspects of Fieldwork.
Ethics in Archaeological Fieldwork.
6. Classification and Analysis of Artifacts.
Classification and Typology.
Classifying Types of Artifacts.
7. Determining Time.
What Is So Important About Time?
Older or Younger? Relative Dating in Archaeology.
Real Time: Chronometric Dating.
8. Bioarchaeology: Human Remains.
The Study of Human Remains: Getting to Know Past Peoples.
Analytical Approaches in Bioarchaeology.
PART III. INTERPRETING THE PAST.
9. Environment and Adaptation.
Human Biological Adaptation.
Human Cultural Adaptation.
Domestication and the Agricultural Revolution.
10. Understanding Past Settlement and Subsistence.
How Did People Make a Living? Subsistence.
Where Did People Live? Past Settlement Systems.
The Interplay between Subsistence and Settlement.
11. Interpreting Past Cultural Systems.
How Can Archaeology Answer Anthropological Questions?
Interpreting Past Social Structures.
Interpreting Past Political Organization.
Interpreting Past Belief Systems.
Remembering the Individual.
12. Understanding Culture Change.
The Archaeology of Change.
Interpreting Evidence of Change.
Cultural Contact and Conflict.
PART IV. APPLIED ARCHAEOLOGY.
13. Public Archaeology.
The Impact of Population Growth and Development on Archaeology.
The Field of Cultural Resource Management.
The Role of Public Education in Archaeological Preservation.
Cultural Resource Management among Traditional Peoples.
Archaeology and Ethics.
14. Archaeology in the Real World.
Archaeology and Politics.
Who Owns the Past?
Learning from the Past: Applying Archaeology to Contemporary Problems.
Archaeology and Computer Technology.
Archaeology, Mass Media, and Public Perception.
So What? The Significance of Archaeology.