Logic of Chance, The: The Nature and Origin of Biological Evolution (paperback) : 9780133381061

Logic of Chance, The: The Nature and Origin of Biological Evolution (paperback)

 
Edition
 
1
ISBN
 
9780133381061
ISBN 10
 
0133381064
Published
 
09/11/2012
Published by
 
Pearson Higher Ed USA
Pages
 
528
Format
 
Available on demand
 
Title type
Book
$95.99
 
 
 
Description

The Logic of Chance offers a reappraisal and a new synthesis of theories, concepts, and hypotheses on the key aspects of the evolution of life on earth in light of comparative genomics and systems biology. The author presents many specific examples from systems and comparative genomic analysis to begin to build a new, much more detailed, complex, and realistic picture of evolution. The book examines a broad range of topics in evolutionary biology including  the inadequacy of natural selection and adaptation as the only or even the main mode of evolution; the key role of horizontal gene transfer in evolution and the consequent overhaul of the Tree of Life concept;  the central, underappreciated evolutionary importance of viruses; the origin of eukaryotes as a result of endosymbiosis; the concomitant origin of cells and viruses on the primordial earth; universal dependences between genomic and molecular-phenomic variables; and the evolving landscape of constraints that shape the evolution of genomes and molecular phenomes.

Table of contents

Preface: Toward a postmodern synthesis of evolutionary biology     vii

Chapter 1: The fundamentals of evolution: Darwin and Modern Synthesis     1

Chapter 2: From Modern Synthesis to evolutionary genomics: Multiple processes and patterns of evolution     21

Chapter 3: Comparative genomics: Evolving genomescapes     49

Chapter 4: Genomics, systems biology, and universals of evolution: Genome evolution as a phenomenon of statistical physics     81

Chapter 5: The web genomics of the prokaryotic world: Vertical and horizontal flows of genes, the mobilome, and the dynamic pangenomes     105

Chapter 6: The phylogenetic forest and the quest for the elusive Tree of Life in the age of genomics     145

Chapter 7: The origins of eukaryotes: Endosymbiosis, the strange story of introns, and the ultimate importance of unique events in evolution     171

Chapter 8: The non-adaptive null hypothesis of genome evolution and origins of biological complexity     225

Chapter 9: The Darwinian, Lamarckian, and Wrightean modalities of evolution, robustness, evolvability, and the creative role of noise in evolution     257

Chapter 10: The Virus World and its evolution     293

Chapter 11: The Last Universal Common Ancestor, the origin of cells, and the primordial gene pool     329

Chapter 12: Origin of life: The emergence of translation, replication, metabolism, and membranes--the biological, geochemical, and cosmological perspectives     351

Chapter 13: The postmodern state of evolutionary biology     397

Appendix A: Postmodernist philosophy, metanarratives, and the nature and goals of the scientific endeavor     421

Appendix B: Evolution of the cosmos and life: Eternal inflation, “many worlds in one,” anthropic selection, and a rough estimate of the probability of the origin of life     431

References     439

Endnotes     479

Acknowledgments     495

About the author     497

Index     499

Features & benefits

A scholarly critique of our current understanding of biological evolution and how life radiated from its origins.

  • A broad overview of the current state of evolutionary biology.
  • Presents theoretical models and original hypotheses that may help to answer key problems in evolution.
  • Offers a more multidisciplinary perspective of evolutionary biology, integrating quantitative, mathematical, and systems approaches.
Author biography

Eugene V. Koonin is a Senior Investigator at the National Center for Biotechnology Information (National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health), as well as the Editor-in-Chief of the journal Biology Direct. Dr. Koonin’s group performs research in many areas of evolutionary genomics, with a special emphasis on whole-genome approaches to the study of major transitions in life’s evolution, such as the origin of eukaryotes, the evolution of eukaryotic gene structure, the origin and evolution of different classes of viruses, and evolutionary systems biology. Dr. Koonin is the author of more than 600 scientific articles and a previous book Sequence--Evolution--Function: Computational Approaches in Comparative Genomics (with Michael Galperin [2002] New York: Springer).