CCNP Routing and Switching SWITCH 300-115 Official Cert Guide VitalSource eText : 9780133414301

CCNP Routing and Switching SWITCH 300-115 Official Cert Guide VitalSource eText

 
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1
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9780133414301
ISBN 10
 
0133414302
Published
 
14/11/2014
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Pearson Higher Ed USA
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eBook
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About the book

CCNP Routing and Switching SWITCH 300-115 Official Cert Guide is a comprehensive self-study tool for preparing for the new SWITCH exam. Complete coverage of all exam topics as posted on the exam topic blueprint ensures readers will arrive at a thorough understanding of what they need to master to succeed on the exam. The book follows a logical organization of the SWITCH exam objectives. Material is presented in a concise manner, focusing on increasing readers' retention and recall of exam topics. Readers will organize their exam preparation through the use of the consistent features in these chapters.

 

Table of contents
Introduction xxiv

Part I Designing Campus Networks
Chapter 1 Enterprise Campus Network Design 3
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 3
Foundation Topics 7
Hierarchical Network Design 7
Predictable Network Model 9
Access Layer 12
Distribution Layer 12
Core Layer 12
Modular Network Design 13
Sizing a Switch Block 16
Switch Block Redundancy 18
Network Core 20
Collapsed Core 23
Core Size in a Campus Network 24
Cisco Products in a Hierarchical Network Design 24
Exam Preparation Tasks 27
Review All Key Topics 27
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 27
Define Key Terms 27

Chapter 2 Switch Operation 29
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 29
Foundation Topics 32
Layer 2 Switch Operation 32
Transparent Bridging 32
Follow That Frame! 35
Multilayer Switch Operation 36
Types of Multilayer Switching 36
Follow That Packet! 37
Multilayer Switching Exceptions 39
Tables Used in Switching 40
Content-Addressable Memory 40
Ternary Content-Addressable Memory 41
TCAM Structure 42
TCAM Example 43
Port Operations in TCAM 44
Managing Switching Tables 45
CAM Table Operation 45
TCAM Operation 48
Managing Switching Table Sizes 49
Exam Preparation Tasks 52
Review All Key Topics 52
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 52
Define Key Terms 52
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 52

Chapter 3 Switch Port Configuration 55
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 55
Foundation Topics 59
Ethernet Concepts 59
Ethernet Overview 59
Scaling Ethernet 60
Fast Ethernet 60
Gigabit Ethernet 61
10-Gigabit Ethernet 62
Beyond 10-Gigabit Ethernet 63
Duplex Operation over Ethernet Links 63
Connecting Switches and Devices 65
Ethernet Port Cables and Connectors 65
Switch Port Configuration 66
Selecting Ports to Configure 66
Identifying Ports 68
Port Speed 68
Port Duplex Mode 69
Managing Error Conditions on a Switch Port 69
Detecting Error Conditions 69
Automatically Recover from Error Conditions 70
Enable and Use the Switch Port 71
Troubleshooting Port Connectivity 71
Looking for the Port State 71
Looking for Speed and Duplex Mismatches 72
Discovering Connected Devices 73
Cisco Discovery Protocol 73
Link Layer Discovery Protocol 75
Using Power over Ethernet 77
How PoE Works 78
Detecting a Powered Device 79
Configuring PoE 80
Verifying PoE 81
Exam Preparation Tasks 84
Review All Key Topics 84
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 84
Define Key Terms 84
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 85

Part II Building a Campus Network

Chapter 4 VLANs and Trunks 89
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 89
Foundation Topics 95
Virtual LANs 95
VLAN Membership 96
Static VLANs 96
Configuring Static VLANs 97
Dynamic VLANs 99
Deploying VLANs 99
End-to-End VLANs 100
Local VLANs 101
VLAN Trunks 101
VLAN Frame Identification 103
Inter-Switch Link Protocol 103
IEEE 802.1Q Protocol 104
Dynamic Trunking Protocol 105
VLAN Trunk Configuration 106
Configuring a VLAN Trunk 106
Trunk Configuration Example 108
Troubleshooting VLANs and Trunks 110
Voice VLANs 112
Voice VLAN Configuration 113
Verifying Voice VLAN Operation 115
Wireless VLANs 117
Exam Preparation Tasks 119
Review All Key Topics 119
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 119
Define Key Terms 119
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 119

Chapter 5 VLAN Trunking Protocol 123
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 123
Foundation Topics 127
VLAN Trunking Protocol 127
VTP Domains 127
VTP Modes 127
VTP Advertisements 128
VTP Synchronization 131
VTP Configuration 132
Configuring the VTP Version 133
Configuring a VTP Management Domain 134
Configuring the VTP Mode 135
VTP Configuration Example 136
VTP Status 137
VTP Pruning 138
Enabling VTP Pruning 140
Troubleshooting VTP 141
Exam Preparation Tasks 143
Review All Key Topics 143
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 143
Define Key Terms 143
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 143

Part III Working with Redundant Links
Chapter 6 Traditional Spanning Tree Protocol 147
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 147
Foundation Topics 151
IEEE 802.1D Overview 151
Bridging Loops 151
Preventing Loops with Spanning Tree Protocol 154
Spanning-Tree Communication: Bridge Protocol Data Units 155
Electing a Root Bridge 156
Electing Root Ports 158
Electing Designated Ports 160
STP States 162
STP Timers 165
Topology Changes 167
Direct Topology Changes 168
Indirect Topology Changes 169
Insignificant Topology Changes 171
Types of STP 172
Common Spanning Tree 173
Per-VLAN Spanning Tree 173
Per-VLAN Spanning Tree Plus 173
Exam Preparation Tasks 175
Review All Key Topics 175
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 175
Define Key Terms 175

Chapter 7 Spanning-Tree Configuration 177
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 177
Foundation Topics 181
STP Root Bridge 181
Root Bridge Placement 181
Root Bridge Configuration 184
Tuning the Root Path Cost 188
Tuning the Port ID 190
Tuning Spanning-Tree Convergence 191
Modifying STP Timers 191
Manually Configuring STP Timers 192
Automatically Configuring STP Timers 192
Redundant Link Convergence 194
PortFast: Access Layer Nodes 194
UplinkFast: Access Layer Uplinks 196
BackboneFast: Redundant Backbone Paths 197
Monitoring STP 199
Exam Preparation Tasks 200
Review All Key Topics 200
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 200
Define Key Terms 200
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 200

Chapter 8 Protecting the Spanning Tree Protocol Topology 203
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 203
Foundation Topics 207
Protecting Against Unexpected BPDUs 207
Root Guard 207
BPDU Guard 208
Protecting Against Sudden Loss of BPDUs 210
Loop Guard 210
UDLD 211
Using BPDU Filtering to Disable STP on a Port 213
Troubleshooting STP Protection 214
Exam Preparation Tasks 215
Review All Key Topics 215
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 215
Define Key Terms 215
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 215

Chapter 9 Advanced Spanning Tree Protocol 219
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 219
Foundation Topics 223
Rapid Spanning Tree Protocol 223
RSTP Port Behavior 223
BPDUs in RSTP 224
RSTP Convergence 225
Port Types 226
Synchronization 227
Topology Changes and RSTP 229
RSTP Configuration 229
Rapid Per-VLAN Spanning Tree Protocol 230
Multiple Spanning Tree Protocol 231
MST Overview 233
MST Regions 233
Spanning-Tree Instances Within MST 234
IST Instances 234
MST Instances 235
MST Configuration 236
Exam Preparation Tasks 238
Review All Key Topics 238
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 238
Define Key Terms 239
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 239

Chapter 10 Aggregating Switch Links 241
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 241
Foundation Topics 245
Switch Port Aggregation with EtherChannel 245
Bundling Ports with EtherChannel 247
Distributing Traffic in EtherChannel 247
Configuring EtherChannel Load Balancing 249
EtherChannel Negotiation Protocols 251
Port Aggregation Protocol 252
Link Aggregation Control Protocol 252
EtherChannel Configuration 253
Configuring a PAgP EtherChannel 253
Configuring a LACP EtherChannel 254
Avoiding Misconfiguration with EtherChannel Guard 255
Troubleshooting an EtherChannel 257
Exam Preparation Tasks 261
Review All Key Topics 261
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 261
Define Key Terms 261
Command Reference to Check Your Memory 261

Part IV Multilayer Switching
Chapter 11 Multilayer Switching 265
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 265
Foundation Topics 268
Inter-VLAN Routing 268
Types of Interfaces 268
Configuring Inter-VLAN Routing 269
Layer 2 Port Configuration 270
Layer 3 Port Configuration 270
SVI Port Configuration 271
Multilayer Switching with CEF 272
Traditional MLS Overview 272
CEF Overview 272
Forwarding Information Base 273
Adjacency Table 276
Packet Rewrite 279
Configuring CEF 280
Verifying Multilayer Switching 280
Verifying Inter-VLAN Routing 280
Verifying CEF 283
Exam Preparation Tasks 285
Review All Key Topics 285
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 285
Define Key Terms 285
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 285

Chapter 12 Configuring DHCP 289
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 289
Foundation Topics 292
Using DHCP with a Multilayer Switch 292
Configuring an IPv4 DHCP Server 293
Configuring a Manual Address Binding 294
Configuring DHCP Options 296
Configuring a DHCP Relay 296
Configuring DHCP to Support IPv6 297
Stateless Autoconfiguration 298
DHCPv6 298
DHCPv6 Lite 299
Configuring a DHCPv6 Relay Agent 300
Verifying IPv6 DHCP Operation 300
Exam Preparation Tasks 301
Review All Key Topics 301
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 301
Define Key Terms 301
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 301

Part V Monitoring Campus Networks
Chapter 13 Logging Switch Activity 305
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 305
Foundation Topics 308
Syslog Messages 308
Logging to the Switch Console 310
Logging to the Internal Buffer 310
Logging to a Remote Syslog Server 311
Adding Time Stamps to Syslog Messages 312
Setting the Internal System Clock 312
Using NTP to Synchronize with an External Time Source 313
Securing NTP 316
Using SNTP to Synchronize Time 316
Adding Time Stamps to Logging Messages 317
Exam Preparation Tasks 318
Review All Key Topics 318
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 318
Define Key Terms 318
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 318

Chapter 14 Managing Switches with SNMP 321
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 321
Foundation Topics 324
SNMP Overview 324
Configuring SNMP 326
Configuring SNMPv1 327
Configuring SNMPv2C 327
Configuring SNMPv3 328
Exam Preparation Tasks 330
Review All Key Topics 330
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 330
Define Key Terms 330
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 330

Chapter 15 Monitoring Performance with IP SLA 333
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 333
Foundation Topics 336
IP SLA Overview 336
Configuring IP SLA 338
Using IP SLA 341
Exam Preparation Tasks 345
Review All Key Topics 345
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 345
Define Key Terms 345
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 345

Chapter 16 Using Port Mirroring to Monitor Traffic 349
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 349
Foundation Topics 352
Using Local SPAN 352
Local SPAN Configuration 354
Remote SPAN 356
Remote SPAN Configuration 357
Managing SPAN Sessions 359
Exam Preparation Tasks 361
Review All Key Topics 361
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 361
Define Key Terms 361
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 361

Part VI Implementing High Availability
Chapter 17 Understanding High Availability 365
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 365
Foundation Topics 368
Leveraging Logical Switches 368
StackWise 371
Virtual Switching System 372
Supervisor and Route Processor Redundancy 373
Redundant Switch Supervisors 373
Configuring the Redundancy Mode 374
Configuring Supervisor Synchronization 376
Nonstop Forwarding 377
Exam Preparation Tasks 378
Review All Key Topics 378
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 378
Define Key Terms 378
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 378

Chapter 18 Layer 3 High Availability 381
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 381
Foundation Topics 384
Packet-Forwarding Review 384
Hot Standby Router Protocol 385
HSRP Router Election 386
Plain-Text HSRP Authentication 388
MD5 Authentication 388
Conceding the Election 389
HSRP Gateway Addressing 390
Load Balancing with HSRP 391
Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol 394
Gateway Load Balancing Protocol 397
Active Virtual Gateway 397
Active Virtual Forwarder 398
GLBP Load Balancing 400
Enabling GLBP 400
Verifying Gateway Redundancy 405
Exam Preparation Tasks 406
Review All Key Topics 406
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 406
Define Key Terms 406
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 406

Part VII Securing Switched Networks
Chapter 19 Securing Switch Access 411
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 411
Foundation Topics 415
Port Security 415
Port-Based Authentication 418
802.1X Configuration 419
802.1X Port-Based Authentication Example 420
Using Storm Control 421
Best Practices for Securing Switches 423
Exam Preparation Tasks 428
Review All Key Topics 428
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 428
Define Key Terms 428
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 428

Chapter 20 Securing VLANs 431
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 431
Foundation Topics 435
VLAN Access Lists 435
VACL Configuration 435
Private VLANs 436
Private VLAN Configuration 438
Configure the Private VLANs 438
Associate Ports with Private VLANs 439
Associate Secondary VLANs to a Primary VLAN SVI 440
Securing VLAN Trunks 441
Switch Spoofing 441
VLAN Hopping 443
Exam Preparation Tasks 446
Review All Key Topics 446
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 446
Define Key Terms 446
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 446

Chapter 21 Preventing Spoofing Attacks 449
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 449
Foundation Topics 451
DHCP Snooping 451
IP Source Guard 453
Dynamic ARP Inspection 455
Exam Preparation Tasks 458
Review All Key Topics 458
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 458
Define Key Terms 458
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 458

Chapter 22 Managing Switch Users 461
“Do I Know This Already?” Quiz 461
Foundation Topics 464
Configuring Authentication 465
Configuring Authorization 468
Configuring Accounting 469
Exam Preparation Tasks 471
Review All Key Topics 471
Complete Tables and Lists from Memory 471
Define Key Terms 471
Use Command Reference to Check Your Memory 471

Part VIII Final Preparation
Chapter 23 Final Preparation 475
Tools for Final Preparation 475
Exam Engine and Questions on the CD 475
Install the Exam Engine 476
Activate and Download the Practice Exam 476
Activating Other Exams 477
Premium Edition 477
The Cisco Learning Network 477
Memory Tables 477
Chapter-Ending Review Tools 478
Study Plan 478
Recall the Facts 478
Practice
Configurations 478
Using the Exam Engine 479

Part IX Appendixes
Appendix A Answers to the “Do I Know This Already?” Quizzes 481
Appendix B Exam Updates 489
Always Get the Latest at the Companion Website 489
Technical Content 490

Glossary 493
Index 504
CD-Only Appendixes
Appendix C Memory Tables
Appendix D Memory Table Answer Key

Appendix E Study Planner
Access Code info.

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