Introduction to Early Childhood Education: Preschool Through Primary Grades (6e) : 9780205491452

Introduction to Early Childhood Education: Preschool Through Primary Grades (6e)

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This text is a thorough examination of day–to-day aspects of standards-based, developmentally appropriate teaching of young children.


Using student-friendly, readable language, Jo Ann Brewer demonstrates how to integrate developmentally appropriate practice into the early childhood curriculum. The extensive coverage of curriculum, particularly early literacy and language, is a hallmark of this popular text. Unlike other texts in the market, there is a heavy focus on diversity, students with special needs, and real-world experience from teachers currently in the classroom.

Table of contents

Table of Contents


Every chapter begins with a “Table of Contents” and “Focus Questions.”  Each chapter contains “Summary,” “Reflection,” “Explorations and Activities,” “An Expert Speaks,” “Celebrating Diversity,” “Chapter Summary,” “Key Terms,” “Children with Special Needs” and “Resources for Further Reading.”

Part One: Foundations of Early Childhood Learning

1. Young Children Growing, Thinking, and Learning

Developmentally Appropriate Practice.

Theories of Development

            Behaviorist Theory

            Maturationist Theory

            Constructivist Theory

            Multiple Intelligence Theory

            Social Learning Theory

            Ecological Systems Theory

            Theoretical Influences on Teaching

            Theoretical Influences on Observations

Children's Development

            Physical Development

            Social Development

            Emotional Development

            Intellectual Development


 2. Designing Schools for Young Children

Early Schools for Young Children

            Key People in Early Childhood Education

            Other Influences on Early Childhood Education

Changes in Early Childhood Education

            The Child-Care Movement


            Head Start

            Programs for Children with Special Needs

            Early Intervention Programs

Contemporary Models of Early Childhood Programs

            The Montessori Model

            The Behaviorist Model

            The Constructivist Model

            Summaries and Comparisons

Research on Program Models

3. Creating an Environment for Learning

Planning a Learning Environment

Structuring a Physical Environment

            Room Arrangement

            Physical Climate

            Assessing the Environment

Instructional Materials

            Learning Areas

            Beginning the Year

            Managing Learning Areas

Planning the Outdoor Environment

Planning for Safety–Inside and Out

4. Planning Learning Activities.

Curriculum Design

Curriculum Organization

Developmentally Appropriate Curriculum

            Rationale for an Integrated Curriculum

            Selecting a Theme

            Implementing the Theme

            Evaluating the Theme

Learning Plans

            Mandated Lessons and Goals

            Multicultural Education and Anti-Bias Curriculum

Computers in Early Childhood Programs

            Teaching and Learning with Computers

            Young Children Online


            Details of the Schedule

            Simplifying Routines

            Adapting the Schedule

            Kindergarten: Half-Day, Full-Day, and Alternate-Day Programs

            Other Scheduling Issues

5. Play: Learning at Its Best

Defining Play

            Types of Play

            Characteristics of Play

            Levels of Play

Purposes of Play

            Intellectual Development

            Social and Emotional Development

            Physical Development

Development of Play Behaviors



            Early Primary Grades

            Middle Childhood

Play in School Settings

            Roles of the Teacher

            Play in Primary Classrooms

            Benefits of Play at School

            Selecting Materials for Play

            Play as a Teaching Strategy

            Communicating the Benefits of Play

            Play and Academic Learning

Outdoor Play

6. Guidance

Defining Discipline, Punishment, and Guidance



Planning for Guidance in the Classroom

            Preventing Behavior Problems

Strategies for Guiding Behavior

            Teaching Skills and Behaviors

            Guiding Groups

            Making Guidance Decisions

Behavior-Management Systems

            Assertive Discipline

            Glasser Model

            Ginott Model

            Dreikurs Model

            Assessing Behavior-Management Systems


7. Assessment and Reporting

Defining Assessment and Testing

            Types of Assessment

            Types of Tests

Testing Young Children

            High-Stakes Testing

            No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act

Strategies for Assessment


            Running Narratives or Logs

            Incident Records


            Anecdotal Records

            Checklists and Rating Scales

            Records of Conversations, Conferences, and Interviews


            Parent Questionnaires


Organizing Assessment Data


Reporting Assessment Data

            Report Cards


            Student-Led Conferences

            Narrative Reports

            Telephone Calls

            Casual Conversations



            Evaluating Assessment and Reporting

Program Assessment

8. Working with Parents and Paraprofessionals

Parent Involvement

            Realities of Parent-Teacher Relationships

            Implications for Teachers

Encouraging Parent Involvement

            Teacher and School Strategies

            Parent Roles

            Activities for Involving Parents

Communication with Parents

            School Handbooks

            Home Visits

            Parent Visits to School

            Letters and Notes


            Community Resources

Volunteers in the Classroom

Working with Paraprofessionals

Part Two: Content Area Curriculum
9. Celebrating the Magic of Language

Defining Language

            Characteristics of Language

            Systems of Language

Learning Language

            Sequence of Language Development

            Theoretical Models of Language Learning

Teaching Language

            Creating an Effective Environment

            Standards for Language Development

            Observing Language Learners

            Providing Activities That Encourage Language Growth


10. Developing Literacy

Defining Literacy

Teacher Qualities that Support Literacy

            Evaluating the Research

            Understanding How Literacy Develops

            Standards for Reading Teachers

Program Elements That Support Literacy

            Goals of Literacy Instruction

            Standards for Literacy Development

            Oral Language and Listening Skills

            Music as a Literacy Activity

            Reading Aloud and Storytelling

            Learning about Print

            Attending to Sound

            Presenting Selected Text

            Commercial Programs for Literacy Instruction

            Helping all Children Feel Successful as Literacy Learners

Learning to Write

            Development of Writing

            Conventions of Written Language

            The Writing Process with Young Children

Assessing the Development of Literacy

Observing Oral Language

Observing Writing

Determining Knowledge of Books and Print

Observing Reading

11. Manipulation and Discovery through Mathematics

Defining Mathematics

Learning Mathematics

Teaching Mathematics

            Standards for Mathematics Education

The Strand Model

Materials for Mathematics Instruction


            Calculators and Computers

Integrating Mathematics into the Curriculum

            Mathematics and Play

            Mathematics and Literacy

            Mathematics and Literature

Assessment of Mathematical

12. Manipulation and Discovery through Science

Defining Science

Learning Science

Manipulation, Observation, and Discovery

The Scientific Process

Teaching Science

            Ensuring Safety

            Teaching Basic Concepts and Encourage Positive Attitudes

            Planning the Sequence of Activities

            Standards for Science Education

Integrating Science into the Curriculum

            Science and Literacy

13. Encouraging the Creative Arts

The Importance of Art Experiences

            Goals of Arts Education

            Standards for Arts Education

Visual Arts

            Stages in Development

            Goals of Visual Arts Experiences

            Standards for Visual Arts Education

            Suggested Visual Arts Experiences

            Art versus Craft Activities


            Goals of Music Program

           Standards for Music Education


            Playing Instruments

            Listening Experiences

            Approaches to Music Instruction

Movement and Dance

            Movement Experiences

            Dance Education

            Standards for Dance Education


            Encouraging Drama

            Standards for Drama Education

Roles of the Specialists

Assessing Experiences in the Arts

Integrating the Arts into the Curriculum

14. Living Together: The Social Studies

Defining Social Studies

Learning Social Studies

            A Constructivist View

Teaching Social Studies

            Multiple Views of the Social Studies Curriculum

            Current Expectations

            Standards for Social Studies Education

            Planning Social Studies Experiences

Integrating Social Studies into the Curriculum

            Social Studies Themes

Celebrating Holidays

15. Promoting Wellness: Physical Education and Health, Nutrition, and Safety Education

Physical Education

            Encouraging Motor Development

            Goals of Physical Development Programs

            Standards for Physical Education

            Physical Education Activities

Health, Nutrition, and Safety Education

            Health Education

            Nutrition Education

            Safety Education

Integrating Physical Education and Health, Nutrition, and Safety Education into the Curriculum



New to this edition
  • Key term lists added to the beginning of each chapter identify important concepts discussed in text and appear with definitions in the end-of-book glossary.
  • New Learning Plans provide step-by-step procedures for lessons and projects that can be done in the classroom.  Topics include teaching measurement, creating class cookbooks, and more.
  • Throughout every chapter, marginal icons pointing to relevant text are correlated by number to standards of the National Association for the Education of Young Children (NAEYC).
  • Chapters in Part II, Content-Area Curriculum, incorporate student achievement standards advocated by the most prominent professional organizations for each discipline.
  • Integrating the Curriculum features with a new theme of "Spaces," demonstrates how teachers can use a common theme when teaching multiple content areas.
  • New annotated website addresses in the margins provide students opportunity to use the Internet to further explore content discussed in the chapters.
  • Praxis icons appear in the margin to help readers think about how the text they're reading relates to questions they will encounter on Praxis exams.
  • Every chapter ends with two new sections to challenge the student's learning.  Reflection Questions (critical thinking) and Activities and Explorations (based on field experience).
  • The book concludes with Resources for Further Reading organized by the chapter to which they relate.
  • Book-specific PPTs help to organize class lectures and discussions.
Features & benefits

·         Strongly emphasizes literacy and language development (Chs 9 & 10).

·          “Celebrating Diversity” features in each chapter encourage teachers of young children to think about the positive benefits of diversity in their classrooms and the community.

·          “Children with Special Needs” features in each chapter relate the chapter content to reaching children with a variety of disabilities and exceptionalities.

·          “A Teacher Speaks” features, written by practicing classroom teachers, relate chapter content to real-world classroom experiences and encourage student discussion.

·         “An Expert Speaks” features provide expert commentary and opinions on current issues to stimulating student interaction and further learning.

·         “Parents” boxes in each chapter offer suggestions for teachers on communicating with parents of children in their classrooms.