An Introduction to Crime and Criminology (4e) : 9781486003327

An Introduction to Crime and Criminology (4e)

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An Introduction to Crime & Criminology, continues to bring together some of Australia’s most widely respected authorities on criminology. The text explores popular knowledge and understanding about crime, contrasting it with what we know about crime from official sources as well as from crime victims. The authors present and analyse the various ways that crime is defined and measured, the many and varied dimensions of crime, the broad range of theories offered to explain crime as well as some of the main ways governments and other agencies respond to and attempt to prevent crime.

Table of contents
  • Part one: Facts and Fallacies
  • Chapter 1: Media and Crime
  • Chapter 2: Defining Crime
  • Chapter 3: Measuring Crime
  • Chapter 4: The Nature and Prevalence of Crime
  • Part two: Dimensions of Crime
  • Chapter 5: Victim and Offender Characteristics
  • Chapter 6: Violence
  • Chapter 7: Street Crimes
  • Chapter 8: White-collar Crime
  • Chapter 9: Crimes Against Morality
  • Chapter 10: Internet and International Crimes
  • Part three: Explaining Crime
  • Chapter 11: The Role of Theory
  • Chapter 12: Psychological Explanations
  • Chapter 13: Social Explanations 
  • Chapter 14: Interactionist Explanations
  • Part Four: Responding to Crime
  • Chapter 15: The Criminal Justice System
  • Chapter 16: The Police
  • Chapter 17: The Criminal Courts
  • Chapter 18: Corrections
  • Chapter 19: Victims, Criminal Justice and Restorative Justice
  • Chapter 20: Crime Prevention
  • Additional online chapter (student download)
  • Chapter 21: Careers in Criminal Justice

Download the detailed table of contents >

New to this edition
  • Learning Outcomes at the start of each chapter so students know what they will learn in each chapter
  • Australian examples are updated and used throughout the text to encourage students to engage with the issues discussed
  • Figures and tables are updated where applicable
Features & benefits
  • Case Studies are featured throughout the book, highlighting issues by giving vivid examples from real criminal cases
  • End of chapter Questions encourage students to reflect and apply what they have learnt
  • A Conclusion at the end of each chapter provides a short overview of the chapter and highlights Key Terms and links to relevant Recommended Readings, Websites and References, which provide students with an opportunity for additional reading to develop their understanding
  • Chapter 21 Careers in Criminal Justice is available for download to help students answer perhaps one of the most difficult questions they face as university graduates: ‘What do I do now?’ Merrelyn Bates and Tim Prenzler review the broad range of careers and occupations in criminology and criminal justice. They also include several strategies to assist students in preparing for employment, such as searching for jobs in criminal justice and related fields, preparing applications and gaining generic skills. A key aim of the chapter is to help students successfully make the transition from student to criminal justice professional.
Author biography

Hennessey Hayes is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. He teaches introductory criminology and research methodology to first-year university students. He is also engaged in a program of research on restorative justice and reoffending.

Tim Prenzler is a Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University where he teaches in the areas of criminal justice accountability, and crime prevention and security management. He is also the manager of the Integrity Systems research project at the Griffith node of the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security.

Melissa Bull is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. She teaches courses on criminological theory, qualitative research methods and punishment. Her research interests include social theory, drug control and criminal justice in the community, with recent work specifically focused on responding to drug-related crime, policing and diversity, and contemporary punishment practices.

Belinda Carpenter is a Professor in the School of Justice, Faculty of Law, at Queensland University of Technology. She teaches introductory sociology and criminology and supervises research students in law, health, sociology and criminology. She has published widely on the issues of prostitution and domestic violence and her current research focuses on coronial decision-making and death investigation.

Dr Jenny Cartwright (formerly Mouzos) is currently employed as the Coordinator – Strategic Initiatives, High Tech Crime Operations, Australian Federal Police in Canberra. She manages three diverse teams focusing on cybercrime prevention, missing persons and strategic management. Prior to joining the AFP, Jenny was a senior research analyst and Manager of the Crime Monitoring Program at the Australian Institute of Criminology in Canberra. She was awarded her PhD in Criminology in 2003 from the University of Melbourne. She has specific interests in homicide, trends and patterns of victimisation, and cybercrime prevention.

Sharon Hayes is a Senior Lecturer in the School of Justice at Queensland University of Technology. She teaches course on sex and crime and criminal justice ethics, and her research interests lie in gender, crime and sexual morality. Recent publications include Sex, Crime and Morality (Routledge 2012), The Politics of Sex Trafficking: A Moral Geography (Palgrave MacMillan 2013), and Sex, Love and Abuse: Discourses on Domestic Violence and Sexual Assault (Palgrave Macmillan 2014).

Ross Homel AO is Foundation Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. He is interested in the theoretical analysis of crime, violence and related social problems, and the prevention of these problems through the application of the scientific method to problem analysis and the development, implementation and evaluation of interventions.

Nadine McKillop is a Psychologist and Research Fellow in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. Her research is concerned primarily with the prevention of sexual violence and abuse, with a strong emphasis on offending onset. She is engaged in a program of research within the Griffith Youth Forensic Service, a specialist assessment and clinical treatment program for court-adjudicated youth sexual offenders.

Toni Makkai is currently the Dean and Director of the College of Arts and Social Sciences at Australian National University and Chair of the College Executive. Prior to joining the ANU in 2008, she was Director of the Australian Institute of Criminology from 2003 to 2008. She has a strong focus on policy-relevant research including drugs and crime, crime statistics, drug courts, and regulation and compliance. She has published widely in these fields with over 50 peer-reviewed journal articles, numerous chapters in books and government reports and monographs. Her most recent monograph is Regulating Aged Care: Ritualism and the New Pyramid (with John and Val Braithwaite), which was the culmination of a 25-year study of regulation and compliance in the aged care sector in Australia, the UK and the USA.

Lorraine Mazerolle is an Australian Research Council Laureate Fellow and a Research Professor in the Institute for Social Science Research (ISSR) at the University of Queensland. She is the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Experimental Criminology, Chair of the American Society of Criminology’s Division of Experimental Criminology and an elected Fellow of the Academy of Experimental Criminology. Professor Mazerolle is an experimental criminologist with research interests in policing, drug law enforcement, third party policing, regulatory crime control, displacement of crime, and crime prevention.

Paul Mazerolle is Professor and Pro Vice Chancellor of the Arts, Education and Law group at Griffith University. His research examines the processes that shape criminal offending across the life course, youthful offending including youth violence, intimate partner violence, and homicide.

Michael O’Connell, Commissioner for Victims’ Rights in South Australia, also teaches victimology locally and internationally. He is a life member and since 2012 the Secretary-General of the World Society of Victimology. In 1995 he was awarded the Australian Police Medal for his victimological work; in 2003 he was a finalist in Australian of the Year 2004 (South Australia); and in 2010 Victim Support Australasia presented him with its national award for advancing victimology and promoting victims’ rights.

Janet Ransley is an Associate Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. Her research focuses on the regulation and governance of policing, the development of criminal justice policy and operation of justice processes, and improving integrity in the public and corporate sectors.

Dr John Rynne has extensive theoretical and applied knowledge of Australian and international criminal justice systems. In 2005, he taught penology at the University of Queensland and is currently a member of the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University and an Associate Member of the University of Cambridge’s Institute of Criminology Prison Research Centre. Dr Rynne is a full member of the Australian Psychology Society and a registered psychologist in Queensland. Prior to joining academia, he worked in the Queensland criminal justice system for approximately 15 years in management and operational roles in custodial and community corrections.

Rick Sarre is Professor of Law and Criminal Justice with the School of Law, University of South Australia. His current research interests include the law of private security, the history of restorative justice, surveillance law and identity fraud. He has been an Associate of the Australian Institute of Criminology since 1996.

Stephen Smallbone is a Professor in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University and Director of the Griffith Youth Forensic Service. He worked as a prison psychologist for eight years before entering academia. His research is primarily concerned with understanding and preventing sexual violence and abuse.

Catrin (Kate) Smith is a Senior Lecturer in Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. She joined Griffith University in 2009, having previously been Reader in Criminology at the University of Chester, UK. Prior to that, she was a lecturer in criminology and criminal justice and a member of the Centre for Comparative Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Wales, Bangor (now Bangor University). She has been grant holder and principal investigator on a number of research projects, with funding from the Scottish Office, the High Security Psychiatric Services Commissioning Board and the British Academy. She has completed research on health issues for incarcerated women (UK and USA), aspects of care and control at a High Security (Special) Psychiatric Hospital and on the cultural aspects of female injecting drug use (Texas and North Wales).

William R. Wood is a lecturer in the School of Criminology and Criminal Justice at Griffith University. He has a PhD in Sociology from Boston College. His research interests include alternatives to incarceration, restorative justice, and crime and media.

Majid Yar is Professor of Sociology at the University of Hull, UK. His research interests include cybercrime, intellectual property, criminological and social theory, and crime in popular culture. He is the author of Cybercrime and Society (Sage 2006), co-author of Criminology: The Key Concepts (Routledge 2008) and co-editor of the Handbook on Internet Crime (Willan 2009).

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