Little Penguin Handbook, The: Australasian Edition (3e) : 9781486015528

Little Penguin Handbook, The: Australasian Edition (3e)

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Pearson Australia
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The Little Penguin Handbook: Australasian edition 3e is a handy full-colour reference guide that gives students just what they need to know about the writing and research processes, while providing coverage of documentation and grammar.

It offers student-friendly features and includes coverage of the most current Harvard, APA, MLA and CMS citation, documentation and style guidelines.

Associate Lecturer and Professional Writing Consultant Angela Shetler, from University of Sydney, has reviewed and further adapted the book specifically for the Australasian context. Angela’s expertise has ensured the handbook reflects the needs of Australasian students.

Table of contents
PART 1: Composing
1. Think as a Writer
a Think About the Process of Communication
b Think About Your Audience
c Think about Your Credibility
2. Read, View and Write with a Critical Eye
a Become a Critical Reader
b Become a Critical Viewer
c Become a Critical Thinker and Writer
3. Plan and Draft
a Establish Goals and Find a Topic
b Write a Working Thesis
c Determine Your Organisation
d Write Effective Introductions and Conclusions
e Write Effective Paragraphs
f Focus Your Paragraphs
4. Revise, Edit and Proofread
a Evaluate Your Draft
b Learn Strategies for Rewriting
c Edit for Specific Goals
d Proofread Carefully
e Review the Writing of Others
5. Write Arguments
a Write Position Arguments and Proposal Arguments
b Find an Arguable Topic and Make a Claim
c Organise and Write a Position Argument
d Make a Proposal
e Organise and Write a Proposal Argument
6. Write in Academic Genres
a Write an Observation
b Write a Rhetorical Analysis
c Write a Case Study
d Write a Lab Report
e Write an Essay Exam
7. Write for Online Courses
a Use Courseware
b Keep Track of Online Coursework
c Participate in Online Course Discussions
d Observe Netiquette
PART 2: Planning Research and Finding Sources
Research Map: Conducting Research
8. Plan Your Research
a Analyse the Research Task
b Find and Narrow Your Topic
c Determine What Kind of Research You Need
d Draft a Working Thesis
e Create a Working Bibliography
9. Find Sources
a Develop Strategies for Finding Sources
b Find Sources in Databases
c Find Sources on the Web
d Find Multimedia Sources
e Find Print Sources
f Keep Track of Sources
10. Evaluate Sources
a Determine the Relevance of Sources
b Evaluate Database and Print Sources
c Evaluate Web Sources
11. Plan Field Research
a Know What You Can Obtain from Field Research
b Conduct Interviews
c Administer Surveys
d Make Observations
PART 3: Incorporating and Documenting Sources
12. Understand and Avoid Plagiarism
a What is Plagiarism?
b Avoid Plagiarism When Taking Notes
c Avoid Plagiarism When Quoting Sources
d Avoid Plagiarism When Summarising and Paraphrasing
13. Use Sources Effectively
a Decide When to Quote and When to Paraphrase
b Integrate Quotations
14. Harvard Documentation
Harvard Documentation Map
a The Elements of Harvard Documentation
b Citing Sources in a Harvard-Style Project
c Creating the Reference List
d Illustrated Examples in Harvard Style
e Journals, Magazines, Newspapers and Documents in the Harvard-Style Reference List
f Books in the Harvard-Style Reference List
g Online Sources in the Harvard-Style Reference List
h Visual and Multimedia Sources in the Harvard-Style Reference List
i Sample Pages from a Research Paper with Harvard Documentation
15. APA Documentation
a The Elements of APA Style
b Illustrated Examples and Index of References Entries in APA Style
c Periodical Sources in the APA-Style Reference List
d Books in the APA-Style Reference List
e Online Sources in the APA-Style Reference List
f Visual and Multimedia Sources in the APA-Style Reference list
g Sample Pages from a Research Paper with APA Documentation
16 MLA Documentation
a The Elements of MLA Style
b Illustrated Examples and Index of Works-Cited Entries in MLA Style
c Journals, Magazines, Newspapers and Other Print Sources in the MLA-Style Works-Cited List
d Books in the MLA-Style Works-Cited List
e Library Database Sources in the MLA-Style Works-Cited List
f Online Sources in the MLA-Style Works-Cited List
g Visual and Multimedia Sources in the MLA-Style Works-Cited List
h Sample Pages from a Research Paper with MLA Documentation
17. CMS Documentation
a The Elements of CMS Documentation
b Periodical Sources in CMS Style
c Books and Non-Periodical Sources in CMS Style
d Online Sources in CMS Style
e Sample Pages from a Research Paper with CMS Documentation
PART 4: Effective Style and Language
18. Write with Power
a Recognise Active and Passive Voice
b Use Action Verbs
c Find Agents
d Vary Your Sentences
19. Write Concisely
a Eliminate Unnecessary Words
b Reduce Wordy Phrases
c Simplify Tangled Sentences
20. Write with Emphasis
a Manage Emphasis within Sentences
b Forge Links across Sentences
c Use Parallel Structure with Parallel Ideas
21. Find the Right Words
a Be Aware of Levels of Formality
b Be Aware of Denotation and Connotation
c Use Specific Language
d Write to be Inclusive
e Recognise International Varieties of English
PART 5: Understanding Grammar
22. Fragments, Run-ons and Comma Splices
a Fragments
b Run-on Sentences
c Comma Splices
23. Subject–Verb Agreement
a Agreement in the Present Tense
b Singular and Plural Subjects
c Indefinite Pronouns as Subjects
d Collective Nouns as Subjects
e Inverted Word Order
f Amounts, Numbers and Pairs
24. Verbs
a Basic Verb Forms
b Irregular Verbs
c Transitive and Intransitive Verbs
25. Pronouns
a Pronoun Case
b Pronoun Agreement
c Avoid Sexist Pronouns
d Vague Reference
26. Shifts
a Shifts in Tense
b Shifts in Mood
c Shifts in Voice
d Shifts in Person and Number
27. Modifiers
a Choose the Correct Modifier
b Place Adjectives Carefully
c Place Adverbs Carefully
d Hyphens with Compound Modifiers
e Revise Dangling Modifiers
28. Grammar for Multilingual Writers
a Nouns
b Articles
c Verbs
PART 6: Understanding Punctuation and Mechanics
29. Commas
a Commas with Introductory Elements
b Commas with Compound Clauses
c Commas with Non-Restrictive Modifiers
d Commas with Items in a Series
e Commas with Coordinate Adjectives
f Commas with Quotations
g Commas with Dates, Numbers, Titles and Addresses
h Commas to Avoid Confusion
i Unnecessary Commas
30. Semicolons and Colons
a Semicolons with Closely Related Main Clauses
b Semicolons Together with Commas
c Colons in Sentences
d Colons with Lists
31. Dashes and Parentheses
a Dashes and Parentheses to Set Off Information
b Dashes and Parentheses versus Commas
c Other Punctuation with Parentheses
32. Apostrophes
a Possessives
b Contractions and Omitted Letters
c Plurals of Letters, Symbols and Words Referred to as Words
33. Quotation Marks
a Direct Quotations
b Titles of Short Works
c Other Uses of Quotation Marks
d Other Punctuation with Quotation Marks
e Misuses of Quotation Marks
34. Other Punctuation Marks
a Full Stops
b Question Marks
c Exclamation Marks
d Brackets
e Ellipses
f Slashes
35. Capitalisation, Italics, Abbreviations and Numbers
a Capital Letters
b Italics
c Abbreviations
d Acronyms
e Numbers
PART 7: Tips for Success
36. Oral Presentations

a A Form of Assessment
b The Audience
c The Structure
d The Delivery
e Feedback
37. Feedback
a An Opportunity for Reflection
b Informal Feedback
c Formal Feedback
d Learning Journal
38. Job Presentation Skills
a Applying for a Position
b The Résumé or Curriculum Vitae
c The Covering Letter
d The Interview
Glossary of Grammatical Terms and Usage
Revision Guide
Common Errors Guide
New to this edition

New sections added:
Part 1: 2c  New Become a Critical Thinker and Writer
Part 3: 14a  New Harvard Documentation Map

US images and examples further adapted with local examples:
Part 1: 2b Max Dupain photograph and analysis
Part 1: 6b Sample of rhetorical analysis - Julia Gillard’s misogyny speech
Part 1: 6bc Sample of a case study - Compulsory Cycle Legislation in Victoria
Part 1: 6e Sample of an exam essay - Australian History
Part 2: 8d Battle of Gettysburg replaced with example of Anzac day
Part 3:12c Example of African Diaspora passage replaced with history of gambling in Australia
Part 3: 13b US example replaced with Australian example of Prime Minister John Curtin
Part 3: 14 Harvard referencing section moved here. US examples replaced with Australian examples throughout section
Part 4: 18b US example replaced with Australian one - Olympian, Sally Pearson

Features & benefits

Lester Faigley understands how students learn best. He believes that students learn best when they can find the information that they need in a handbook without being overwhelmed by detail.
To accomplish this goal:

  • The design of The Little Penguin Handbook makes important information stand out visually and verbally, thus inviting students to browse the book for answers and advice.
  • Complicated processes are broken down into clear, simple steps. 
  • New ideas and terms are presented in clear and accessible language.
  • Comprehensive, cutting-edge treatment of research includes thorough coverage of plagiarism and integrating sources.
  • The Little Penguin Handbook was the first very brief handbook to offer visual ‘source samples’ for documentation.
  • Grammar and style issues are covered in practical, accessible language in ‘Common Errors’ boxes–a key at the back of the book and boxes throughout the book make it easy for student writers to find guidance on the most common errors. Each box addresses a specific error with information on how to recognise, understand and correct it.